Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a condition that combines the swollen, sore joints of arthritis with psoriasis. Psoriasis typically causes itchy, scaly red patches to appear on the skin and scalp.
About 7.5 million Americans have psoriasis, and up to 30 percent of these people develop PsA. PsA can be mild or severe and involve one or many joints.
If you or a loved one has received a diagnosis of PsA, you may have questions about what life is like with this condition.
Types of psoriatic arthritis:
There are four types of PsA.
This type affects the same joints on both sides of your body, so both your left and right knees, for example. Symptoms can be like those of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Symmetric PsA tends to be milder and cause less joint deformity than RA. However, symmetric PsA can be disabling. About half of people with PsA have this type.
This affects a joint or joints on one side of your body. Your joints may feel sore and turn red. Asymmetric PsA is generally mild. It affects about 35 percent of people with PsA.
Distal interphalangeal predominant PsA:
This type involves the joints closest to your nails. These are known as the distal joints. It occurs in about 10 percent of people with PsA.
This type of PsA involves your spine. Your entire spine from your neck to your lower back may be affected. This can make movement very painful. Your hands, feet, legs, arms, and hips may also be affected.
Treatments Of Psoriatic Arthritis:
Medicines for psoriatic joint inflammation can incorporate nonsteroidal calming drugs (NSAIDs, for example, ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). NSAIDs can help diminish the occurrences of swelling and torment related with psoriatic joint inflammation.
Doctor prescribed meds, for example, prednisone, an oral corticosteroid, may likewise decrease aggravation that prompts psoriatic joint pain. Remedy topical drugs used to treat psoriatic joint pain incorporate salicylic corrosive, calciopotriene, and tazarotene.
Light treatment may likewise help lessen side effects.
A novel classification of meds known as malady changing antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can help diminish aggravation and joint harm. A subcategory of DMARDs called biologics may likewise be endorsed to diminish irritation at a phone level.